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BitRiver - Mining/Data Centre

BitRiver company provides maintenance and storage solution for setting mining farms. Location and price of the service are the main advantages. Such low expenditures improve cost-efficiency and mining income.

November 2018



Team

The project management team consists of 5 core members. The CEO has over 8 years of experience in data center business. All members have a strong technical background and relevant work experience. Overall the team appears to be highly skilled and educated, the team has known each other for over 3 years and should show a frictionless work process.

CEO- Igor Runets
Education - Engineering & Computer Sciences
MBA From Stanford Graduate School of Business
Work experience
RTSoft. Principal engineer and project manager
Founded
“Servers.Global” data centre
“Fox Lab” hosting service

Deputy CEO; co-Founder - Sergey Runets
Education - Bs Economics
Work experience
15 years experience in Real Estate and Physical Security

CTO - Alex Pecherskiy
Education - Bs Engineering
Work experience
“Servers.Global”. COO
RTSoft. Principal Engineer

Head of Legal - Varun Gupta
Education - Joint & Dual Degree George Town University
Work experience
25+ years work experience
Bitfury. Chief Legal Officer

CTO - Andrey Salakhutdinov
Education - Bachelor of Science from Bratsk State Technical University
Work experience
15+ years Electrical engineering experience

Mining & Data centres Market overview

Data market

Data centres are the core of Mining services: storage provision and communication, as well as maintaining a network for the growing number of networked devices. There is a growing demand for such hyper-scale deployments that are able to provide cost-effective and high capacity services.

Mining

POW Mining has been extremely profitable in 2017 due to the massive growth of the cryptocurrency industry. Although the largest cryptocurrency - Bitcoin is POW and does not show plans on moving to POS, the overall market tendency is searching more efficient alternatives to POW mining.

Ethereum the largest GPU mined coin has outlined, that in the next 2-3 years it will switch to POS.

Mining equipment fully depreciates in 1,5 years. Hence we can see POS as a medium-term risk. BitRiver payback period is calculated to around 18-20 months, hence one can be confident that the medium-term POS risks are fairly covered by the small payback period of Bitriver.

Most important factors for a facility used for hosting mining equipment are the cost of electricity + cost of temperature and humidity maintenance and the logistics for delivering mining equipment.

On average, mining facilities need to keep the temperatures at around 20-30 degrees Celsius, and a relative humidity reading of 45% to 55% so that the mining rigs do not shut down, melt or get short circuits.

Due to these factors, the most preferred mining regions are cool, dry and have cheap electricity.

BitRiver Concept and Competitive Advantages

BitRiver provides services for deploying servers and mining plants. By utilizing location capabilities to its full, BItRiver able to achieve low costs for deploying mining equipment, providing electricity and temperature control.

Economies of scale

BitRIver plans to build a 200,000 sq. foot or 18,500 sq. meters data center, that is larger than 50% of existing and planned data centers in the US, as found from the AFCOM research. Such a large-scale facility allows utilizing economies of scale and connecting to a Hydro-powered energy station that is able to provide the center with over 1GW+ power. Which is approximately able to handle 600 000 s9 asic miners or a number of 100+ MW data centers.

Electricity price

Bitcoin’s current annual electricity consumption equals to 73.12 TWh. What makes it the most important cost for any miner?

Due to direct connection to a Hydro-powered energy station and low prices per KW (0.02$). BitRiver will become one of the most competitive mining facilities in Russia and Asia.

Climate

The Siberian cold climate allows saving on additional cooling systems. Many large-scale IT companies such as Facebook, Microsoft moving and constructing their data centers in cold areas such as Finland or Iceland. That allows using outside cold air to cool the infrastructure.

Irkutsk is a territory of -20(winter) to +20(summer) degrees Celsius temperature spawn and mild humidity. Due to the comfortable temperature conditions, BitRiver will be cutting many of its operational costs on maintaining the comfortable mining temperature. Such costs can add up to 20% of the total monthly expenditure.

Logistics & Mining pools proximity

Irkutsk is close to China, the main exporter of mining equipment and the country with the largest Bitcoin hashrate.

BitRiver clients will experience the benefits of such location, as the costs of delivering mining equipment to BitRiver’s mining facility will be much lower, than to most of the world.

In addition, around 5% of miners, revenue influenced by network latency with the largest mining pools. Hence, distance from Chinese mining pool will affect a miner’s revenue. Irkutsk is relatively close to China consequently the miners will be around 5% more profitable than miners in the USA will.

Several major factors impose additional risks in running a data center in Irkutsk

  1. Taxation
  2. Now of writing this report, it is uncertain how Parliament will regulate activities related to cryptocurrencies. Since regulatory institutes have only introduced a draft law that does not provide specifics of taxation of income obtained via cryptocurrencies (mining, trading or any other activity) it is hard to plan how it may affect profitability.

  3. Criminal activity
  4. There have been several reports on that it is not unusual that mining equipment has been stolen from secured facilities. Even the use of CCTV and security alarm does not compensate the human error and fraudulent behavior form facility personnel. BtiRiver mitigates such risks by employing security services provided by National Guard of the Russian Federation that can provide physical presence within the facility.

  5. Bitcoin mining scalability and costs
  6. Even with the decrease in overall interest in the community, there is a steady growth of the bitcoin hash rate, which reduces the profitability. In addition, as it stated in the report by Morgan Stanley that bitcoin mining below its $8600 price won't let miner break even (assuming electricity costs about $0.03 per kW/h).

Competition

Russia

Minery.io
150 Megawatt
One of the largest data center providers

Canada

Hash chain

  • Low cost of electricity ($.02 to $.04 per kWh)
  • Hi-speed internet
  • Cool climate

Cryptocurrency mining and blockchain solutions company focusing primarily on mining DASH in Vancouver.


Hydro Quebec

37,000 megawatts of installed electricity capacity With electricity costs at $0.0248 per kWh for data centers, and $0.0394 per kWh for miners, 50 per cent to 75 per cent lower than comparable areas in North America.

Georgia

Georgia offers cheap electricity prices, alongside a friendly jurisdiction. Bitfury was one of the first to set up a mining facility in Georgia $0.08 per kWh

Sweden

BlockBase
MEGABASE 1: 5MW
MEGABASE 2: 15MW


Hydro66

Hydro66, founded in 2014 is a pioneering, ultra-efficient, green-field colocation data center located in Boden

Presence

BitRiver has a presentation that covers all aspects of the business and outlines their advantages. Supporting documents provide confidence of legitimacy to run such facility.

The www.servers.global shows that BitRiver founders have extensive experience in managing data centers. Information found on LinkedIn shows that the team is experienced and has a sufficient & relevant education.

Conclusion

Overall, BitRiver has an experienced team, which can successfully build and maintain a data center facility. The Data market shows signs of continuing growth. In addition, Irkutsk has all the qualities to be an optimal location for a data center. BitRiver can provide high income for its equity investors since they are able to archive low costs only comparable to Chinese facilities.

Although we have outlined some risks, that the project is facing, the business model is realistic and with the right management, BitRiver can become a big player in the Mining market. The largest concern in concentration on mining.

BitRiver’s prices on electricity are cheaper than most of competitor’s, hence they will be attracting more clients. The payback period of 18-20 months seems realistic and very alluring. Bitmain representative visited the facility, BitMain is world largest ASIC chips designer, and as it stated by Bitmain visitors they have approved the facility.


Photos representing the scale of the facility








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